Glaucoma is the blanket term applied to a group of conditions that result in
damage to the optic nerve. This type of nerve damage gradually weakens the
ability to see, in some cases resulting in total vision loss: blindness.
What Causes Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is caused by damage to the optic nerve. The optic nerve is the part
of the nervous system that connects the eyes to the rest of the brain,
allowing the transmission of visual signals. When there is excess pressure
applied to the optic nerve, it leads to glaucoma.
Types of Glaucoma
Different types of glaucoma include:
Primary open-angle glaucoma, in which fluid builds up and drains out of the
eye too slowly, leading to increased pressure within the eye. This type of
glaucoma occurs gradually over time and typically shows no symptoms in the
Angle-closure glaucoma, during which eye fluid pressure increases rapidly
due to a blockage. This type of glaucoma typically involves the sudden onset
Low-tension glaucoma, in which the optic nerve has become directly damaged,
unrelated to fluid flow. This can occur for many different reasons.
Congenital glaucoma, also known as childhood glaucoma. This refers to
glaucoma that is present at birth.
Eye Doctor serving Des Plaines, Park Ridge, Mt. Prospect and surrounding IL
What Are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?
Symptoms of gradual glaucoma include:
- Loss of peripheral vision over time
- Tunnel vision
- Partial blindness
Symptoms of sudden glaucoma include:
- Blurred vision
- Eye pain
Possible treatments for glaucoma include:
- Medicated eyedrops
- Oral medications to reduce fluid buildup
- Laser surgery
- Filtering surgery
- Fluid drainage Implants
It is important to have routine eye exams with an ophthalmologist to screen
for any signs of glaucoma.
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(847) 824-3127 or
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The Midwest Center for Sight
8901 West Golf Road, Suite 300
Des Plaines, IL 60016